Seaweed Rolls and Winkle Butter – a Shore thing

So whilst I am on the subject of recipes, here’s something rather more rustic – or whatever the marine equivalent of rustic might be.  If we have some austere times ahead why not look to our ancestors, I mean let’s go back say 1,500 years and try some simple fare.  I first ate ‘pains aux algues’ (seaweed bread rolls) in a seaside restaurant in France whereas I found a recipe for winkle butter (‘beurre aux bigorneaux’ in French) in a cookery book – Prehistoric cooking by Jacqui Wood– to make the latter.

Seaweed rolls are not difficult to make.  You can make up your normal bread mixture whether by hand or by machine, leave the dough to prove and then shape into small balls allowing for a doubling in size during the rise.  Dried mixed seaweed can be bought from specialist shops. Just take a good handful or two of the seaweed flakes and mix them in with the other dry ingredients.  The health benefits of eating seaweed are well documented.  Cook the rolls at a high temperature for about 15 minutes.  The rolls are cooked when you knock the bottom of a roll and the sound is hollow.

Even amongst seasoned fans of seafood, winkles can be a final frontier when it comes to gathering molluscs for consumption.  They do not score highly on appearance, or yield in relation to effort expended in gathering, cooking and extraction from the shell!  The recipe below makes a tasty condiment which is not dissimilar in flavour to anchovy paste.

Collect a good bucket of edible winkles.  As always when gathering molluscs from the shore, take care to choose an unpolluted beach which receives regular flushing with clean seawater.  As the shellfish are cooked relatively lightly it is particularly important to be confident about the health of the shore.  Avoid collecting large individuals.  You will also need some butter and salt:as a guideline use 120g of butter for 300g of winkles in their shells.

The best way to cook the winkles is to ‘coddle’ them.  Scrub and rinse the shells.  Place them in a layer only one, or at most two, shells deep in a pan or bowl.  Pour on boiling, salted water about three times as deep as the shells (i.e. plenty of water in relation to the amount of shell, so that they heat up quickly.  Leave for 10-15 minutes.  Pour off the hot water, remove the meat from the shells with a bent pin and set aside.

If a blender is to hand, combine the winkle meat, softened butter and salt until you have a paste.  (You may want to adjust the amount of salt you use so add it bit by bit.)  Alternatively you can remove the muscle and use the brown coils from the inner shell and mash these by hand with the butter.  Either method yields a tasty spread on toast or warm bread rolls.  A great accompaniment to fish dishes.

Note: If you collect a relatively small number of winkles, then adjust the amount of butter you use accordingly.  If you do make a large quantity, the winkle butter can be shaped into pats, or pressed into moulds (I have an ice cube tray with scallop shapes), and frozen to be used as and when.

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Recipe of the Next Day

A French friend of mine, who is an excellent cook, tells me that ‘Crumbles’ are all the rage in France.  How refreshing that the French, widely revered for their prowess in the culinary arts, should take a leaf out of an English book.  Crumbles seem to be enjoying a retro revival in Britain too.  There are cookery books on sale in France just for Crumbles!  The recipe below is my adaptation of one savoury recipe that I found in one of Anne’s books.  The original recipe called for prawns, I chose to use scallops.  This recipe makes a little bit of seafood go a long way.

Ingredients for two individual crumbles

  • 2 large potatoes.  These can be a floury variety or the red-skinned waxy ones
  • 3 large scallops
  • clove of garlic crushed and a knob or butter for frying
  • capers if liked
  • juice and rind of a lemon
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • a crumble mix of 50g (2oz) of butter, 50g (2oz) of self-raising (plain will do) flour and a generous tablespoon of nut pieces which could be pre-roasted: flaked almonds, chopped pistachio nuts etc.

Peel the potatoes and steam them.  Meanwhile rub the butter and flour together to make a breadcrumb-like crumble, add the nuts and season lightly.  When the potatoes are cooked mash them well, adding something to moisten them: cream, low-fat yogurt, soya milk to your choice and lightly season the puree.  Place this as a basal layer in individual pie dishes or a small shallow pyrex container.  Toss the crushed garlic in butter in a frying pan and sizzle for a few seconds.  Slice the scallops in half keeping the coral whole on one half, and chase them round the pan for a minute to flavour them.  Remove from the pan, cut each scallop half in two and also the corals.  Lay these on the potato puree, sprinkle the garlic and juice from the pan and a few capers over the scallops (see image below).

Add the lemon juice and rind, dot lightly with butter.  Divide the crumble mix over the scallop layer.  Place the dishes in a medium hot oven and cook for 25 minutes until the crumble is cooked and slightly browned on the surface (see image below).


  • You could try this dish with prawns, mussels, clams or any other seafood of your choice
  • Other garnishes could be added to the seafood layer: chopped olives, curry seasoning with chopped coriander, rings of tomato etc

Recipe of the Day


  • Mushrooms on toast for breakfast
  • A generous helping of potter in the garden
  • A fresh mixed salad garnished with smoked fish and large prawns
  • Top this with an excursion to Cherbourg to visit a binder of antiquarian books and linger to choose from the array of marbled papers and leathers
  • Wrap this up with a savoury French tourte, dressed leaves, cheese and a Mirabelle tart to be eaten with the best of friends

The resulting dish is a Good Night’s Sleep 🙂